Пример готового реферата по предмету: Языки (переводы)
1 General Notion on Gradation 3
1.1 Definition of Gradation 3
1.2 British Linguistic School’s Approach 4
2 Gradation in Different Types of Texts 7
Выдержка из текста
Latin word ‘Gradatio' translated as ‘gradual increase'. This linguistic term refers to a figure of poetic language, which uses syntactic repetitions and an arrangement of words and expressions that there is an increase of semantic significance of the preceding word or the descent of the meaning of the expression. However, there is still the question of gradation application in other types of texts.
Consequently, the goal of the research is to look at gradation in different types of texts. In order to achieve the goal, the following objectives are set:
1) To provide general notion on gradation (climax) in the foreign scientific discourse;
2) To look at possible definitions of gradation in general and by British Linguistic School;
3) To define peculiarities of British Linguistic School approach;
4) To study gradation in different types of texts.
The given paper consists of introduction, two chapters, conclusion and bibliography and mainly applies such methods as restructuring of the existing information on gradation.
The clarification of term invariants (gradation and climax) is also provided.
Список использованной литературы
1 Allan, K., Burridge, K. Forbidden Words. Taboo and the Censoring of Language. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, 2006.
2 Bullinger, E. W. Figures of Speech Used in the Bible. London, MerrilPrint: 2012.
3 Cain, S.A. The Climax and Its Complexities. The American Midland Linguist. Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan., 1939), pp. 146−181.
4 Corbett, E.P.J. Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. New York, Oxford University Press: 1971.
5 Zaban, B.K. The Pillar Function of the Speeches of Wisdom: Proverbs. 8.3 The Gradation… Berlin, Boston: Walter&Co, 2012.
6 Sarchi, LL.D. An Essay on Hebrew Poetry Ancient and Modern. London, ABC: 2014. P. 29.
7 Toolan, M. Language in Literature: An Introduction to Stylistics. A Hodder Arnold Publication: London, New York, 2008.
8 Walker, J. A Rhetorical Grammar: In which the Common Improprieties in Reading and Speaking. London, Briton: 2014.
9 Wales, K. A Dictionary of Stylistics. Pearson ESL, 2007.
10 Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Oxford University Press: London, 2010.
11 Stylistic Devices Dictionary. London, WebPoint: 2012.